Articles in press

Previous issues

Three inquiries into the origin of Manchado de Jabugo pigs

Download paper Ver Versión Española

Authors: E. Alves, A.I. Fernández, M.C. Rodríguez, C. Ovilo, L. Silió
Issue: 104-2 (308-313)
Topic: Animal Production
Keywords: Manchado de Jabugo, mitochondrial DNA, IGF2, MC1R

Animals born at the end of the XIX century from crosses between Red and Black Iberian pigs were the main founders of the black spotted population named Manchado de Jabugo. Pigs of the Large White and Berkshire breeds had also contributed to the foundation of this population, which was isolated for several decades in some villages of Huelva. Our objective was to verify the possible genetic traces of founder varieties and breeds in this population, preserved by the Diputación de Huelva. The mitochondrial DNA from Manchado and Large White animals shows identical sequences for the control region D-loop, and also for the Cyt b ATPase8, ATPase6 and NADH5 genes. The IGF2 g.3072G>A mutation, apparently occurred in an Asian chromosome, is also present in the Manchado population. Both results agree with the quoted founder contribution of two British breeds, because Asian germplasm was introgressed into these breeds from the XVIII century. Finally, four alleles of the MC1R gene are segregating in this small population. The MC1R*3 allele is characteristic of Black Iberian variety and Large White breed. The MC1R*6 and MC1R*7 alleles are characteristic of Red Iberian pigs, and the first one of the Berkshire pigs. The unexpected presence of the MC1R*4 allele, characteristic of Duroc, indicates the contribution of this breed to the current Manchado germplasm.

Back to Issue 104-2


 -   -   -   -   -   -   -